Health Literacy affects health outcomes through its impact on:
1. access and utilization of health care
2. the patient-provider relationship
Impact of high health literacy:
appropriate health behaviors
Impact of low health literacy
Socio-economic impact of low eHealth literacy among older adults in Europe:
- SES (Socio- Economic Status) represents a proxy of intermediate causal factors that have an impact on health, such as education, income, age, employment status, and migration background (Lastrucci et al., 2019).
- People with a high SES tend to have better health conditions as compared to those with a low SES (Mackenbach et al., 2008).
- The experience of socioeconomic hardship increases the risk of subsequent illness.
Challenges for HL throughout the past decade:
1. a greater SES divide
2. an increased financial demand on health systems
3. higher expectations of proactive patient behavior